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Ciência Rural

Print version ISSN 0103-8478On-line version ISSN 1678-4596

Abstract

PELIZZARI, Charles et al. Medium frequency neuromuscular electrical stimulation (russian) in dogs with induced muscle atrophy. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.3, pp.736-742. ISSN 0103-8478.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000300022.

The medium frequency neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) (Russa) or Kotz is designed for recuperation of muscle mass in dogs with muscular atrophy in disuse. This study aims to utilize medium frequency NMES on the femoral quadriceps of dogs with induced muscular atrophy and evaluate the occurrence of gain in mass. Eight dogs in two groups denominated GI, or control, and GII, or treated were used. For the induction of muscular atrophy, the left femoral-tibial-patellar joint was immobilized for 30 days. NMES treatment began 48 hours after the removal of the immobilization device on dogs from group II and was carried out three times per week, with an interval of 48 hours between each session, during 60 days. The following parameters were measured: thigh perimeter, goniometry of the knee, creatine kinase (CK) enzymes and morphometry of the muscular fibers in transversal cuts of the vastus lateralis muscle, collected through a muscular biopsy. EENM was utilized on the femoral quadriceps at a frequency of 2500 Hz, with pulse duration of 50%, and the time on/off was at a proportion of 1:2. There was no significant difference between the thigh perimeter and the activity of enzyme CK between groups I and II. As for the goniometry a significant increase (P<0,05) was observed among 0 and 30 days after the immobilization in group II. As for the morphometry of the fibers of the vastus lateralis, a significant increase (P<0,05) was observed in the transversal area of the treated group on the 90th day when compared with that observed at the time of immobilization and among the groups, group II presented a greater transversal area (P<0.05) on the 90th day. The medium frequency NMES brings about a hypertrophy of the vastus lateralis muscle in dogs after induced muscular atrophy.

Keywords : Kotz Current; NMES; morphometry; dog.

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