versão impressa ISSN 0103-8478
SOUSA, Valéria Lima de et al. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound in diaphyseal fractures: clinical application in dogs. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.4, pp. 1030-1037. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000400019.
The effects of ultrasound stimulation on bone healing have been demonstrated in experimental and clinical studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical application of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound as an adjuvant for the treatment of diaphyseal fractures in dogs. Sixteen dogs of different breeds, ages ranging from seven months to six years, weighing from 2.5 to 43kg, were enrolled in the study. All dogs presented fresh closed diaphyseal fractures in the radius and ulna, femur or tibia and fibula stabilized with osteosynthesis techniques (intramedullary pinning, external skeletal fixation or the combination of both). The dogs were divided into two groups: stabilized fractures treated by low-intensity ultrasound (treatment group, n=8); stabilized fractures not treated by ultrasound stimulation (control group, n=8). The animals were assessed by means of clinical examination and radiographic studies in the preoperative period, immediate postoperative period, and every 30 days after the surgical procedures. The treatment was performed using stationary low-intensity (30mW cm-2) pulsed ultrasound (sine wave signal of 1.5MHz frequency, 200µs pulse width and 1kHz repetition frequency) on the fracture site. Ultrasound therapy was carried out 20 minute per day, for 21 consecutive days, starting between the 1st and the 9th postoperative day. The Students t test was used for the statistical analysis and showed a significant difference (P<0.001 and a=0.05) between the mean time for bone healing of the animals in the treatment group (mean of 67.5 days) and that of animals in the control group (mean of 106 days). This protocol of ultrasound stimulation promoted clinical and radiographic signs of bone healing acceleration in the treated fractures. The results of this study suggest that low-intensity pulsed ultrasound may be indicated as an adjuvant therapy in fresh diaphyseal fractures in dogs.
Palavras-chave : ultrasound therapy; fractures; dogs.