Print version ISSN 0103-8478
BRAUNER, Cássio Cassal et al. Reproductive performance of suckling beef and non-suckling beef cows submitted to estrus induction/synchronization. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.4, pp. 1067-1072. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000400025.
The objective of this study was to characterize the reproductive performance of two cow categories submitted to estrus induction/synchronization. Forty two suckling and sixty non-suckling, Aberdeen Angus cows classified by uniformity of size and moderate body condition score (CC3 in a 1 to 5 scale), raised under range conditions in Aceguá/RS county, were evaluated between September 2005 and April 2006. The gynecological examination was made by ultrasonography and rectal palpation. Fixed factors analyzed were cow category alocated in one of three groups: cyclical non-suckling (VSC), cows that fail to conceive and remain in the farm until the next breeding season showing cyclical conditions, suckling light anestrus cow (VLAS) and suckling strong anestrus cows (VLAP). The following variables were evaluated: cow prebreeding weight (PPRA), at postbreeding (PPOA), at conception (PC), daily weight gain from breeding season (GMD), estrus induction/synchronization response (RISC) and pregnancy. Cow category showed effect (P<0.0001) on weight performance, where VSC showed better productive performance relate to the VLAS and VLAP groups. The RISC showed an affect for cow category (P<0.0001) in with 85, 45 e 35%, of animals in groups VSC, VLAS and VLAP respectively, responded to the estrus induction/synchronization protocol. The pregnancy rate showed difference (P<0.0001) between VSC and suckling cows, with 96.7, 45.5 e 30.0% in VSC, VLAS and VLAP, respectively. VSC showed better reproductive performance than suckling cows by showing better RISC and pregnancy rates. However, 24% of suckling cows showed superior adaptation, demonstrating a satisfactory productive and reproductive performance in beef cattle range system, with adequate milk yeld for the development of their calves and to conceive again. The indentification of such animals could influence positively the reproductive performance of suckling beef cows.
Keywords : reproductive performance; beef cows; estrus induction [synchronization].