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SOUZA, Celso Eduardo de et al. Serological identification of Rickettsia spp from the spotted fever group in capybaras in the region of Campinas - SP - Brazil. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.6, pp. 1694-1699. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000600031.
Diseases transmitted by ticks have been an important health problem all over the world. Brazilian Spotted Fever (BSF) stands for a serious epidemiological concern due to the high mortality rates pointed out. Capybaras are commonly incriminated as possible reservoirs in the BSF transmission cycle. In the last decades the numbers of these animals raised sharply and they have invaded human areas. They intensify the contact between ticks and humans beings. This study aim is to contribute to the possible role performed for this rodent in the BSF epidemiology in some areas located in Campinas region, São Paulo. Cabybaras infected by rickettsiae of BSF group were studied through the analysis of the frequencies of BSF-group rickettisae antibodies titer = 64 by indirect immunofluorescence test (IFA), and data from human cases epidemiological surveillance. The serum frequency positiveness varied greatly according to areas where animals were captured. However it was found serum positiviness only in the areas where human cases of BSF were reported. These findings suggest the capybara may be seen as sentinel animal. Due to presence of serological cross reactivity between microorganisms belonging to SF group, the results must be interpreted carefully and additional methods to distinguish pathogenic rickettsiae are required in our country.
Keywords : Rickettsia; Amblyomma; Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris; Capybara; Spotted Fever.