Print version ISSN 0103-8478
BIGNARDI, Annaiza Braga et al. Finite dimension models to estimate genetic parameters for first lactation milk yields of Holstein cows. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.6, pp. 1705-1710. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000600033.
Genetic parameters for 50,171 first lactation test-day milk yields and 305 day milk yield (Y305) of 9,281 Holstein cows were estimated, applying uni and bi-trait animal models. The model for Y305 included the additive genetic effect as random and the fixed effects of contemporary group and age of cow at calving as covariable. For TDMY the same animal model described for Y305 was used, including days in milk as covariable. Variance components were estimated by Restricted Maximum Likelihood. Heritability estimates obtained for TDMY ranged from 0.07 to 0.19 and from 0.12 to 0.22 by uni-trait and bi-trait analysis, respectively. Heritability for Y305 was 0.26 by uni-trait and 0.27 by bi-trait analysis. The genetic correlations between TDMY and Y305 were all positive and high, ranging from 0.63 to 1.00. The genetic correlations between TDMY ranged from 0.30 to 1.00. Selection for Y305 seems to be the best selection criterion to be adopted, since it provides larger genetic gain for milk productions in, practically, all test days.
Keywords : correlated response; heritability; selection criteria.