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On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
SEFFRIN, Rita de Cássia Andrade dos Santos et al. Feeding behavior of Diabrotica speciosa adults on Meliaceae aqueous extracts. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.8, pp. 2115-2118. ISSN 1678-4596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000800004.
The aim of this research was to select extracts with insect antifeedant activity. Leaf consumption by adults of Diabrotica speciosa was determined under laboratory conditions with free choice. Bean leaf had been cut in circular format and treated with aqueous extracts of leaflets, petioles with stems of Cedrela fissilis Vell., Cabralea canjerana (Vell.) Mart, Melia azedarach L. var. azedarach, Trichilia claussenii C. DC., Trichilia catigua A. Juss. e Trichilia elegans A. Juss, arranged in Petri plates, and an insect released and kept within the plate for 24 hours. The consumed leaf area was determined after this period. The leaflet extract of M. azedarach var. azedarach showed greater antifeedant activity tham the extract of petiole with stems. However, the consumed leaf area in the leaves treated with the extract of petioles with stem was lower than in treated with extracts of leaves, giving greater antifeedant effect. The KOGAN & GOEDEN index (1970) showed antifeedant activity for all the extracts, but did not show significant differences between them.
Keywords : insecticide activity; food preference; root worm.