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FESTUGATTO, Rafael et al. Functional recovery of dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease submitted the surgical treatment. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.8, pp. 2232-2238. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000800022.
This report aimed at evaluating the functional recovery of 33 dogs with thoracolumbar intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) admitted at the Veterinary Hospital of Santa Maria Federal University (HVU-UFSM), from 2004 to 2006. The animals underwent surgical treatment. Data obtained from the dogs included: breed, age, sex, neurological status before the surgery, interpretation of the simple x-ray and myelography, duration of clinical signs, days to walking after surgery, urinary and fecal function and disease recurrence. Neurological signs before the surgery kept for a period smaller than 15 days in 27 (81.8%) dogs. Twenty dogs presented involution of the neurological signs at 30 days after the surgical procedure, six after 30 days, and one dog elapsed 60 days to return walking. One of the twenty-six dogs that had satisfactory functional recovery had urinary incontinence and two of them presented recurrence of IVDD. This study showed that the surgical treatment promotes satisfactory functional recovery in most of the dogs with thoracolumbar IVD; the prognostic for functional recovery after the surgical treatment is better as smaller the degree of neurological dysfunction and the recurrence percentage is lower when submitted to this therapy type.
Keywords : nociception; proprioceptive ataxia; hemilaminectomy; dog.