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On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
ARCURI, Edna Froeder et al. Counting, isolation and characterization of psychrotrophic bacteria from refrigerated raw milk. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2008, vol.38, n.8, pp. 2250-2255. ISSN 1678-4596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008000800025.
This study aimed to quantify, isolate and characterize psychrotrophic bacteria from refrigerated raw milk produced at the Mata Region of Minas Gerais State and Southeast of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Raw milk samples, were collected at the farms, from 20 collective refrigerated tanks and 23 individual refrigerated tanks. The psychrotrophic bacteria counting ranged from 102 to 107 Colony Forming Units (CFU) ml-1 for both types of refrigerated tanks, but most of the collective tanks showed counts higher than 1 x 105 CFU ml-1. Predominance of psychrotrophic gram-negative bacteria (81.2%), that were identified by API 20E and API 20NE as belonging to genera: Aeromonas, Alcaligenes, Acinetobacter, Burkholderia, Chryseomonas, Enterobacter, Ewingella, Klebsiella, Hafnia, Methylobacterium, Moraxella, Pantoea, Pseudomonas, Serratia, Sphingomonas e Yersinia were oserved. The gram-positive bacteria (18.8%), were identified by API 50 CH, API Coryne and API Staph, to genera: Bacillus, Brevibacterium, Cellum/Microbacterium, Kurthia e Staphylococcus. The API systems utilized could not identify all the bacterial isolates. Pseudomonas was the genus most isolated with P. fluorescens as the predominant species. Most of the isolates presented proteolytic and/or lipolytic activity at 4°C, 7°C and 10°C showing high potential for milk and milk products spoilage. The results indicated that more attention must be taken to the procedures necessaries to reduce milk contamination with psychrotrophic bacteria.
Keywords : Psychrotrophic gram-negative bacteria; Psychrotrophic gram-positive bacteria proteases; lipases.