versão impressa ISSN 0103-8478
RAMOS, Nilza Patrícia; NOVO, Maria do Carmo de Salvo Soares; LAGO, Antônio Augusto e UNGARO, Maria Regina Gonçalves. Sunflower: emergence and initial plant growth under sugarcane residues. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.1, pp. 45-51. Epub 13-Ago-2008. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008005000041.
The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of the interaction of soil cover with sugarcane mulch residue combined with vinasse application on seedling emergence and initial growth of sunflower cultivars. A greenhouse experiment was carried out in pots with soil, in randomized complete blocks, with four replications. The treatments, arranged in a 5 x 2 x 3 factorial, consisted of the combination of five quantities of sugarcane mulch residue cover (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20t ha-1) followed by application or not of 150m3 ha-1 of vinasse, on soil planted to the sunflower cultivars 'IAC-iarama', 'Catissol' e 'Helio 358'. The variables studied were seedling emergence speed, final emergence, as well as plant height and dry weight of above ground plant biomass. It is concluded that, under greenhouse conditions, the presence of sugarcane mulch residue in any of the quantities studied, and of vinasse in the quantity of 150m3 ha-1, either isolated or in combination, reduce seedling emergence and hamper the initial growth of sunflower, but this effect is not so drastic to endanger the cultivars development ('IAC-iarama', 'Catissol' e 'Helio-358'), that do not differ between them.
Palavras-chave : mulch; vinasse; oilcrop; Helianthus annuus L..