versão impressa ISSN 0103-8478
COSTA, Fabiane Rabelo da; PEREIRA, Telma Nair Santana; SUDRE, Cláudia Pombo e RODRIGUES, Rosana. RAPD markers and morphoagronomic traits in determining genetic diversity among chili peppers and sweet peppers. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.3, pp. 696-704. Epub 05-Dez-2008. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008005000099.
The genetic diversity within collections and banks of germplasm can be estimated by different methods and their choice is dependent of the available resources and the desired precision from the researcher. In the present work, RAPD markers and morph-agronomic traits were used to estimate the genetic divergence among 52 Capsicum spp. accessions. Fifty-seven binary variables from morph-agronomic characterization and 84 polymorphic markers from RAPD analysis were both separately and jointly evaluated and three dendrograms were generated. Two major groups were formed in all analyses. The clusters from the joint analysis were similar to the ones from molecular analysis. One group was formed with only C. baccatum accessions and the other one with C. chinense, C. frutescens and C. annuum accessions. These results were in agreement with the gene pool complexes proposal. The association of these methods allowed a better distinction among the accessions, a cluster formation at species level and a conclusion that there is no duplicates in the collection, showing how important is the use of different methods to characterize a germplasm bank.
Palavras-chave : Capsicum spp.; germplasm; molecular markers; qualitative descriptors.