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On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
GRAY, Guilherme Ribeiro; MAGALHAES, Paulo Sergio Graziano and BRAUNBECK, Oscar Antônio. Pantographic suspension for sugar cane base cuter. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.3, pp. 766-771. Epub Nov 28, 2008. ISSN 1678-4596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782008005000096.
Sugar cane harvester performs five simple operations involving cutting of the stems in the base and in the top, feeding of the stems into the interior of the harvester, removing the leaves and cutting the stem in billets, which is optional. However, nowadays, there is a lack of processes to make these operations in an efficient way. The base cutter used in the conventional harvesters is made of double discs positioned in the inter row, however it is not adapted for the furrow planting system used in Brazil, and since it does not present capability of independent flotation for each disk, it causes the movement of a great amount of soil. This research project aimed to design, simulate, construct and evaluate in soil bin a four bar linkage suspension for a sugar cane base cutter to be used in a semi-mechanized harvesting system. The simulations allowed determining the suspension spring stiffness and its initial deformation in order to guarantee the flotation of the mechanism on the soil profile. The mechanism designed was built and mounted on a soil bin carriage for evaluation of the tracking performance of the base cutter when moving on a soil sine wave profile with amplitude of 25 and 50mm and 1.5m length. The results show that the mechanism accomplishes its objectives satisfactory with errors between 8 and 9mm for forward speeds of 0.14m s-1 and 0.42m s-1 respectively.
Keywords : simulation; harvesting-aid; agricultural machines.