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Ciência Rural

Print version ISSN 0103-8478

Abstract

MARTINELLI, José Antônio; CHAVES, Márcia Soares; FEDERIZZI, Luiz Carlos  and  SAVI, Valda. Expression of partial resistance to oat crown rust present in the lineage MN841801 submitted to the South Brazilian environment. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.5, pp. 1335-1342.  Epub May 15, 2009. ISSN 0103-8478.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782009005000097.

Crown rust is the major oat disease that compromises the quality and yield in up to 50%. In south Brazil most of the resistance genes to rust pathogen has low effectiveness, and the virulence of the races present is very complex. The quantitative resistance, which is a type of incomplete or partial resistance, is a promising option for environments such as South American one, since it doesn't impose on the pathogen population the intense selection pressure for virulent races, as it commonly happens with the qualitative resistance. The lineage oat MN841801 is now one of the main sources of partial resistance to crown rust in the world, because it has been submitted and effective to several populations of the pathogen during more than 35 years. The objectives of this research were: a) to validate the expression of the partial resistance to crown rust present in the lineage MN841801 under South Brazil environment, b) to characterize the inheritance of this resistance in relation to the number of genes. The results showed that the severity and the rate of disease progress of crown rust on MN841801 were significantly lower then the local susceptible cultivars. It was also observed that the inheritance of MN841801 resistance is quantitative and conditioned by two genes.

Keywords : Avena sativa; Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae; inheritance; quantitative resistance.

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