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On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
MULLER, Liziany et al. Lower base temperature and seasonal production of diploid and tetraploid ryegrass genotypes. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.5, pp. 1343-1348. Epub May 22, 2009. ISSN 1678-4596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782009005000098.
The objective of this study was to estimate lower base temperature Tb of three diploid (Comum, Fepagro São Gabriel, and LE 284 and two tetraploid (Avance and INIA Titán) ryegrass genotypes. With the estimated Tb, it was also possible to investigate if these genotypes may have seasonal production, which helps in programming herds feeding schedules. Five sowing dates (11/05, 07/06, 05/07, 09/08 e 01/09/2007) were performed in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil. Two methods were used to estimate Tb: least deviation method and relative development method. Tb values varied from 7.0 to 8.5°C for diploid genotypes and from 9.0 to 10.6°C for tetraploid genotypes, depending upon the method. Diploid ryegrass germoplasm have no risk of seasonal decrease in forage production, whereas tetraploids, mainly Avance, may have their growth and development decreased from June to August in Santa Maria because of minimum air temperature.
Keywords : growth; development; Lolim multiflorum; productivity; threshold temperature.