Print version ISSN 0103-8478
CARDOSO, Verônica da Silva et al. Piperine oral administration on broiler' chikens. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2009, vol.39, n.5, pp. 1521-1526. Epub Apr 17, 2008. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782009005000074.
The toxic effect of piperine, the main amide compound of different pepper species, was evaluated on broiler chickens by oral administration at 0.00, 1.12, 2.25 and 4.50mg kg-1 concentrations for 14 days. Sixty seven days old male chicks (Cobb Avian 48) randomly allocated to four experimental groups (n=15) were used in this work. Parameters such as: body weight gain, liver relative weight, hematological and anatomopathological alterations were analyzed. The oral route administration did not interfere on weight gain or liver relative weight, as well as, any modification on size and organs' color and/or parenchyma/mucous membranes injuries were observed; however, liver histopathological changes were noticed in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, piperine did not alter hematological parameters, except for leukocytes counting, which at 1.12 and from 2.25mg kg-1 caused an increase of heterophils and in the total number of leukocytes, respectively. The results suggest that 1.12mg kg-1 of piperine orally administrated is not toxic for broiler chickens, as previously observed for rats and mice. Moreover, 2.25mg kg-1 of piperine seems to increase the total number of leukocytes for this animal specie.
Keywords : broiler chicken; piperine; toxicity.