versión impresa ISSN 0103-8478
INDA, Alberto Vasconcellos et al. Chemical attributes of constructed soils after surface coal mining related to sulphurization process. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2010, vol.40, n.5, pp. 1060-1067. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782010000500010.
Coal stripmining involves the removal of upper soil and geological layers, which must be relocated in a similar way that in the original profile when reconstructing the landscape. As this process changes soil and landscape characteristics, pirite may oxide and change soil chemical and mineralogical characteristics. In this context, the study aimed to evaluate the temporal evolution of soils reconstructed 2 (SA-2) and 24 (SA-24) year ago, in Boa Vista Coal Mining, in Minas do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Soil characteristics measured were pH, electrical conductivity (EC), bases and aluminium content, potential acidity (H+Al), and contents of Al, Fe, Si, and soluble sulphate. Calculations accounted for cation exchange capacity, base saturation and aluminum saturation. Results indicated occurrence of oxidation processes in both reconstructed areas. Electrical condutivity and soluble phosphate contents were higher in SA-2, indicating a more active sulphurization stage in these soils. In soils of area SA-24, lower EC and smaller contents of soluble sulphate, lower base saturation, as well as higher aluminum saturation and H+Al suggest a more advanced sulphurization process compared to SA-2. Aluminum and P concentrated in older soil profiles. Soils in both areas have chemical limitations for plant growth with adversely affects to recuperation of the area.
Palabras llave : sulphurization; acidification; pyrite; degraded lands.