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Ciência Rural

versão impressa ISSN 0103-8478


ROVEDDER, Ana Paula Moreira et al. Row space and sowing density in revegetation with lupin species in degraded soil restoration. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2010, vol.40, n.9, pp.1955-1960.  Epub 03-Set-2010. ISSN 0103-8478.

The soil degradation by sandization in the Southwest of Rio Grande do Sul needs to be controlled and, therefore, revegetation is an efficient and low cost technique. The possibility to use a native species from this region for such control measures appears as a viable alternative in economical and ecological terms. The objective of this study was to test the more efficient way to crop Lupinus albescens Hook. & Arn., a native local plant, aiming sandization contention. The experiment was carried out in a degraded area located in Alegrete, RS, Southern Brazil. The treatments were spaced at a distance of 17, 34 and 51cm between rows plantation and number of plants by linear meter (4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 plants in each linear meter). The analyzed parameters were canopy biomass production, macronutrients in canopy biomass, seed production, weight and number of root nodules responsible by biological nitrogen fixation. The analysis of variance analysis was performed and there was no interaction between the factors. The row space produced significant variation for several variables, except for accumulated P in the canopy biomass. The number of plants by linear meter did not interfere on the characteristics analyzed. For the row space, the analysis of variance was complemented by regression analysis and the value for each analyzed characteristic, estimated by mathematical models. The row space of 17cm favored the production and macronutrients accumulation in canopy biomass, besides the weight of FBN nodules. Row space of 51cm was most efficient for seeds production. It was concluded that for crops that aims contention of sandization, row space of 17cm is more efficient, while for crops that aims to produce seeds, row space of 51cm is better.

Palavras-chave : Lupinus albescens Hook. & Arn; Pampa Bioma; vegetal biomass; biological nitrogen fixation.

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