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Ciência Rural

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FONTOURA, Ricardo de Albuquerque et al. Rhizobia native from Rio Grande do Sul simbiotically efficient in Lotus glaber. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.3, pp.440-446. ISSN 0103-8478.

Forage legumes besides contributing to increase the supply of high protein content forage are also good cover for the soil surface. Among the legumes with high potential forage, the genus Lotus has been outstanding. This research aimed to selectnative rhizobia efficient in fixing nitrogen with Lotus glaber, from soil samples of five localities of Rio Grande do Sul. A total of 259 rhizobia isolates were obtained, which were evaluated based on colony morphology and in vitro melanin production. Among them, 15 isolates were selected for the evaluation of the symbiotic nitrogen fixation efficiency in greenhouse experiments and genetically characterized by genomic DNA fingerprinting, PCR amplification with BOX and ERIC primers. Only five isolates produced melanin. Nine isolates were more efficient than strain SEMIA 830, which is authorized for the production of commercial inoculants of L. glaber in Brazil. In relation to the genetic characterization, the isolates have shown no similarity with the commercial strains, indicating that in the soils of Rio Grande do Sul there are autochthonous rhizobia capable of efficient symbiotic nitrogen fixation with L. glaber, which might be recommended for field evaluations, aiming a future production of inoculants for this legume in Brazil.

Keywords : forrage legumes; inoculante; Lotus glaber; symbiotic nitrogen fixation.

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