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Print version ISSN 0103-8478
HEINZ, Rafael et al. Decomposition and nutrient release of crambe and fodder radish residues. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.9, pp. 1549-1555. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782011000900010.
This study aimed to evaluate the decomposition and nutrient release from crop residues of fodder radish and crambe in the implementation of no-tillage system. The experiment was conducted in a Distroferric Red Latossol with 762g kg-1 of clay. The experimental design was randomized blocks with four replications. The treatments were applied in split plots, considering the species of cover crops (radish and crambe) as the main plots and harvest dates of decomposition bags (0, 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 days after management) as subplots. The cover crops were treated 60 days after management, in full bloom. Radish presented a dry mass production of 5586kg ha-1 and crambe of 2688kg ha-1. The kinetics of residue decomposition had a behavior similar to the dynamics of nutrient release, with an initial rapid phase followed by a slower one. The K, P and Mg are released more quickly for subsequent crops. The increased speed of nutrients release by crops occurred around 15 days after the biomass management.
Keywords : Raphanus sativus; Crambe abyssinica; nutrient cycling.