versión impresa ISSN 0103-8478
STROSCHEIN, Marcos Roberto Dobler et al. Field selection of native rhizobio for bird’s-foot trefoil. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.10, pp. 1769-1772. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782011001000015.
The bird's-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus L.) has been pointed as one of the most promising forage plants for use in Rio Grande do Sul. However, there is lack of information about the interaction of those plants with the native rhizobia in field conditions. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of interactions between rhizobia and plants of Lotus corniculatus cv. 'São Gabriel' in field conditions. The experiment was carried out in the Agronomic Experimental Station (EEA) of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), using random block design with four replications. The treatments were: two controls without inoculation (one with the addition of urea corresponding to 80kg ha-1 of nitrogen and other without nitrogen addition); inoculation with rhizobia: strain SEMIA 816, recommended in Brazil, U150 recommended in Uruguay and U512, being studied in Uruguay, and four rhizobia isolates (UFRGS Lc322, UFRGS Lc349, UFRGS Lc269 e Iso 7). The rhizobia isolate Lc322 and the strain U510 are more efficient than the strain SEMIA 816, which is recommended for bird's-foot trefoil in the country. Furthermore, the forage production of plants inoculated with the isolate Lc322 and the strain U510 surpassed that, with the addition of 80kg ha-1 of nitrogen.
Palabras llave : Lotus corniculatus L.; biologic nitrogen fixation; strain selection.