versión impresa ISSN 0103-8478
FIGUEIREDO, Andreza Soriano y ARAUJO JUNIOR, João Pessoa. Feline leukemia virus: infection outcomes, diagnostic techniques and vaccine efficacy analysis employing sensitive techniques of virus detection. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.11, pp. 1952-1959. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782011001100017.
Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) belongs to the Retroviridae family, genus Gammaretrovirus. Unlike other retroviruses, a portion of FeLV exposed animals eliminates antigenemia/viremia, according to convectional techniques of virus detection, such as isolation in cell culture, direct fluorescent antibody test and ELISA. The use of more sensitive techniques to detect and quantify viruses enabled the detection of proviral DNA and RNA in cats with undetectable antigenemia/viremia, and thus the refinement of the different infection outcomes analysis. As a result, FeLV pathogenesis was reclassified in 4 categories: abortive, regressive, latent and progressive infections. It was also demonstrated the detection of proviral DNA and RNA in cats believed to be immune to infection after vaccination. Therefore, the objectives of this review were to demonstrate the implications of the use of sensitive techniques for viral detection in the interpretation and classification of FeLV infection and reconsider the techniques for FeLV diagnostic purposes. In addition, it was presented the results concerning the effectiveness of FeLV vaccination with the use of these techniques.
Palabras llave : antigenemia; viremia; pathogenesis; quantitative PCR; vaccination; FeLV.