versão impressa ISSN 0103-8478
PORTO, Ana Carolina Rusca Correa; FERNANDES, Wilson Roberto e BARREIRA, Maria Cristina Roque. Rhodococcus equi Part 1: epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis and treatment. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2011, vol.41, n.12, pp. 2143-2150. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782011001200017.
Rodococosis is a disease that has a worldwide distribution caused by Rhodococcus equi. In foals under six months high mortality and great econimic losses are related to this bacterial pneumonia. This review includes the ethiology, epidemiology and pathogenesis of the disease with focus on the role of VapA, a surface protein, as the major determinant of virulence. The clinical manifestations are reviewed and diagnostic methods and their applications are commented, including new strategies that are still being developed. Likewise, the most common clinical therapies are discussed specially those using antibiotics that are known to penetrate in abcesses.
Palavras-chave : Rhodococcus equi; foals; pneumonia; VapA.