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Ciência Rural

Print version ISSN 0103-8478

Abstract

NUNES, Adrise Medeiros et al. Frugivorous flies and their parasitoids in the cities of Pelotas and Capão do Leão, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.1, pp.6-12. ISSN 0103-8478.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782012000100002.

Frugivorous flies (Tephritoidea) are the main pests in temperate-zone fruit crop in Brazil. The objective of this research is to evaluate the infestation of these flies and the incidence of their parasitoids in fruit trees from 2007/08 and 2008/9 crops in Pelotas and in Capão do Leão, located in the south of Rio Grande do Sul. Fruits were collected from yellow guava and red guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine, 1821), pindo palm [Butia capitata (Mart.) Becc., 1916], persimmon (Diospyros kaki Linnaeus, 1753), wild cherry (Eugenia involucrata DC., 1828), guava [Psidium guajava (Linnaeus, 1753)], feijoa tree [Acca sellowiana (Berg.) Burret, 1941], medlar [Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindley, 1822], peach [Prunus persicae (L.) Batsch, 1801], surinam cherry (Eugenia uniflora Linnaeus,1753) and (Eugenia pyriformis Cambessèdes, 1832). The fruit was collected and transported to the laboratory, where the following parameters were individually determined: fly infestation rate, parasitism rate, and its frequency per parasitoid specie. It was found two species of Tephritidae, Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann, 1830) (90.5%) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) (9.5%) and two of Lonchaeidae, Neosilba zadolicha McAlpine & Steyskal, 1982 (87.8%) and a species not yet described, called Neosilba n. sp. 3 (12.2%). Anastrepha fraterculus is the most abundant species in the two cities and it was detected in most fruit crops collected. The persimmon and the guava were the hosts that showed the highest index of C. capitata infestation. Regarding to the species of Neosilba, the highest infestation occurred in fruits of feijoa tree. From the emerged parasitoids, it was identified three species two of Braconidae, Doryctobracon areolatus (Szépligeti, 1911) (52.6%) and Opius bellus (Gahan, 1930) (27.5%) and a species of Figitidae, Aganaspis pelleranoi (Brèthes, 1924) (20.0%). Doryctobracon areolatus was the most frequent parasitoid in most sampled fruit trees, except for surinam cherry and wild cherry, where O. bellus was predominant and for peach, A. pelleranoi.

Keywords : Anastrepha fraterculus; Ceratitis capitata; biological control; fruit flies.

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