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On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
BARBOSA, Rafael Marani et al. Electrical conductivity and water content in peanut seeds. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.1, pp.45-51. ISSN 1678-4596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782012000100008.
The vigor of peanut seeds (Arachis hypogaea L.) assessed by the conductivity test shows close relationship with performance in the field, but some factors may affect the outcome of the electrical conductivity, being one of that the initial water content of seeds. The objective of this study was to evaluate the seed water content most appropriate for evaluating the seed vigor through electrical conductivity test in peanut. Four seed lots of 'IAC Tatu ST' cultivar and four 'IAC Runner 886' were initially evaluated for their physiological potential and subsequently the seed water content was adjusted to 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 and 15% by the method of controlled atmosphere. A completely randomized design with treatments arranged in a 4×6 factorial design (seed lots × seed water content levels) for each cultivar and four replications were used. The results for the factor seed water content were subjected to the analysis regression. The higher relationship of electrical conductivity and seed vigor occurred when the seed lots presents seed moisture content varying from 9 to 15%. Seeds with 5-7% moisture should not be subjected to electrical conductivity test, because lots express high standard germination and vigor. The electrical conductivity of peanut seeds is influenced by the seed moisture content and the stabilization of the results occurs when the seeds have moisture content between 10 and 14%.
Keywords : Arachis hypogaea L.; leakage; cultivars; vigour; germination.