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Ciência Rural

Print version ISSN 0103-8478

Abstract

ZANINI, Surama Freitas et al. Biochemical and molecular characterization of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from the ileum of broilers treated with or without antimicrobials. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.9, pp.1648-1654. ISSN 0103-8478.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782012000900021.

This study aimed to characterize biochemically and molecular species of Lactobacillus spp. isolated from the ileum of broiler chickens treated with or without antimicrobial. A total of 400 day-old male chicks, Cobb, distributed in a randomized design in groups of five treatments and five replicates: diet without antimicrobials; diet with antimicrobials; diet with 0.4% Brazilian red pepper oil (BRP); diet with 200mg vitamin E kg-1; diet with 0.4% BRP and 200mg vitamin E kg-1. The biochemical results have identified L. acidophilus, L. fermentum, L. plantarum, L. delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii besides Lactococcus lactis subp. Lactis. For samples ATCC, the biochemical identification raised some doubts about their results. The molecular identification showed that Lactobacillus that amplified both primers (LU-1 '/ Lac-2) and (Laci-1 / 23-10C) are the species L. acidophilus. However, samples that amplified only with primer (LU-1 '/ Lac-2) are other species that constitute the group L. acidophilus. However, the samples with the primer L. fermentum (Fer 3/Fer 4) amplified a 192pb fragment pattern for this species. We conclude that the identification of species of Lactobacillus isolated from the ileum of PCR was more sensitive than the biochemical method.

Keywords : broilers; antibiotics; Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi; essential oil; PCR.

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