Print version ISSN 0103-8478
STRECK, Nereu Augusto et al. Vegetative and reproductive development in gladiolus. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.11, pp. 1968-1974. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782012001100010.
The characterization of the developmental phases of agricultural crops is important for management practices and for gladiolus in the field this characterization has not been made in Rio Grande do Sul State. The goal of this study was to determine the duration of vegetative and reproductive phases of the developmental cycle, and the relationships between them and with leaf appearance in gladiolus cultivars. Two field experiments were conducted in Santa Maria, RS, Brazil, one during the Spring/Summer 2010/11 with the cultivars 'Priscila', 'Peter Pears', 'Sunset', 'T704', 'Traderhorn', 'Rose Supreme' and 'Jester', and another during the Fall/Winter 2011 with the cultivars 'T704', 'Traderhorn' and 'Jester'. The experimental design was a completely randomized with two replications of five plants per cultivar. The date of heading and end of flowering was determined and the developmental cycle was divided into vegetative (from planting to heading) and reproductive (from planting to and of flowering). Results showed that the duration of the vegetative phase determines the duration of the developmental cycle and the duration of the vegetative phase is affected by leaf appearance rate and by final leaf number. Thus, early cultivars have greater leaf appearance rate and lower final leaf number than late cultivars.
Keywords : phenology; temperature; thermal time; phyllochron; Gladiolus x grandiflorus.