Print version ISSN 0103-8478
TEN CATEN, Alexandre; DALMOLIN, Ricardo Simão Diniz; MENDONCA-SANTOS, Maria de Lourdes and GIASSON, Elvio. Digital soil mapping: characteristics of the brazilian approach. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.11, pp. 1989-1997. ISSN 0103-8478. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782012001100013.
Soil is increasingly being recognized as having an important role in ecosystems, as well as for food production and global climate regulation. For this reason, the demand for relevant and updated soil information is increasing. Soil science researchers are being demanded to produce information in different spatial resolutions with associated quality in what is being called Digital Soil Mapping (DSM). Due to an increasing number of papers related to the DSM in Brazil, it is necessary to discuss the main characteristics of those studies related to the automated mapping of soil classes, which will enable a broader perspective of the subject and guide future works and demands. The mapping of soil classes using DSM techniques is recent in the country, the first publication in this topic occurred just in 2006. Among the predictive functions the predominant is logistic regression. The soil formation factor relief was used in all studies reviewed. Quality of predictive models was evaluated employing error matrix and kappa which were the most common procedures. The consolidation of this automated approach as an auxiliary tool to the conventional soil mapping will demand training of young soil scientists to use geoinformation technologies and quantitative tools to handle aspects of soil variability.
Keywords : pedometric; soil classes; soil survey.