On-line version ISSN 1678-4596
BERNARDO, Cíntia das Chagas et al. Commercial ELISA® kit for detection of coproantigen and coproparasitological method in bovine livers with fascioliasis convicted. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2012, vol.42, n.11, pp.2025-2029. ISSN 1678-4596. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-84782012001100018.
The aim of this study was to compare a commercial ELISA kit for detection on coproantigen examination and fecal sedimentation using as gold standard inspection diagnosis of bovine livers at slaughter. In addition, we evaluated the correlation between the measured intensity of infection by counting eggs in the feces and the parasites in bovine livers. Feces were collected and evaluated macroscopically of 81 cattle livers, 45 of which had livers condemned by liver flukes and in these livers parasites were counted. Two fractions of stool samples collected were separated and one stored in freezer for further ELISA and other one processed according to sedimentation technique for diagnosis Fasciola hepatica. The Spearman correlation and McNemar chi-square were used, adopting the significance of 5%. In eight bovine livers condemned by the characteristic lesions of fascioliasis parasite were not found. The stool examinations and ELISA testing for detection coproantigen, respectively, had sensitivity of 51.11% and 75.55%, specificity of 100% and 91,66%, predictive positive value was 100% and 91.89%, predictive negative value 62% and 75% and kappa 0.48 and 0.65. The results obtained by commercial® ELISA kit did not differ (P=0,06) obtained at slaughterhouse, but the stool examinations differed (P<0.0001) in the detection of the positive animals. The correlation between the number of parasites in the liver and the number of eggs in the feces was moderate (rs=0.5757, P<0.0001). The commercial ELISA kit® was more sensitive than the fecal test, althought this one shoud not be discarded because of their efficiency.
Keywords : Fasciola hepatica; bovine; immunodiagnosis.