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Ciência Rural

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CURTI, Aline Ritter  and  REINIGER, Lia Rejane Silveira. In vitro rhizogenesis in Peltophorum dubium: the effect of different culture media. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2014, vol.44, n.2, pp.314-320. ISSN 0103-8478.

Peltophorum dubium (Spreng.) Taub is a forest species native to Brazil endowed with promising forestry features for the purposes of afforestation. However, production of seedlings of high quality through micropropagation is limited by the reduced root formation. As a result, the present study aimed to evaluate the effect of alternative substrates to the agar and the culture period in the in vitro formation of roots. It was tested at 30 and 60 days of in vitro culture, culture media composed of combinations of substrates vermiculite (V), Plantmax® (P) or fine sand (FS) to MS nutritive medium containing 10 µM of 3-indole butyric acid (IBA), with agar or not (A). Was obtained a high survival rate of shoots both the 30 (92.3%) and 60 (82.6%) days of culture. Most culture media yielded high survival (91.1 to 100%) but those containing (P) constituted exceptions. Intense calli formation was observed only after 60 days of culture, in the control, which contained MS and (A), and in those other two treatments containing (V). The best result of root formation as much quantitatively (36.78%) as for the quality were obtained on treatment that included (V) and (A), in addition to MS at 60 days of culture. With the use of (V) in the culture medium there is intense calli formation after 60 days of culture but also there is higher root formation and improvement in the quality when this substrate is combined with nutritive medium MS.

Keywords : tissue culture; forest species; vermiculite; fine sand; Plantmax®; agar.

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