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Ciência Rural

versão On-line ISSN 1678-4596

Resumo

CAMPOS, Wilma Neres da Silva et al. Synthesis and characterization of gold nanoparticles combined with curcumin and its effects on experimentally induced osteoarthritis. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2017, vol.47, n.7, e20161001.  Epub 22-Jun-2017. ISSN 1678-4596.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20161001.

Osteoarthritis (OA) is the clinical term for a combination of pathological conditions that involve the progressive degeneration of articular cartilage and subchondral bone remodelling. Curcumin, a potent anti-inflammatory agent, has been extensively studied; however, it does not provide good systemic bioavailability. Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) have potential applications in the administration of therapeutic substances in order to increase the transport efficiency of drugs. The objectives of this study were to explore the synthesis and characterization of a system combining AuNPs with curcumin and evaluate its therapeutic potential in an experimental model of OA in mice by the destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM). The AuNPs were conjugated with curcumin and the systems were characterized by UV-VIS spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and zeta potential. Four groups of eight animals each were formed and labelled A, B, C, and D, which received intra-articular injections of AuNPs, curcumin, AuNP-curcumin, and physiologic solution, respectively. After seven weeks, the cartilage of the stifle joint (SJ) was rated on a scale ranging from 0 to 24. Combination of AuNP-curcumin demonstrated good stability and therapeutic applications, but it did not differ significantly (P>0.05) from groups A and B. However, the control group had a significantly lower score (P<0.001). Results of this study demonstrated the importance of developing new nanodrugs. In this case, the combination of AuNPs and curcumin yielded the nanodrug effects suggestive of a potential for application in the treatment of OA.

Palavras-chave : curcumin; mice; nanodrugs; nanotherapy; osteoarthritis.

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