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Ciência Rural

versão impressa ISSN 0103-8478versão On-line ISSN 1678-4596

Resumo

MISTIERI, Maria Ligia de Arruda et al. Dioctophymatosis as cause of dyspnea in a dog. Cienc. Rural [online]. 2019, vol.49, n.1, e20180490.  Epub 17-Jan-2019. ISSN 0103-8478.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20180490.

Dioctophyme renale is a parasite of the nematode class that can infect various species, including humans and dogs. Usually, the parasite migrates to the right kidney of the definitive host. Although, aberrant migrations have been previously reported, they mainly occur without clinical manifestations. No reports of dyspnea secondary to D. renale infestation has been found in the reported literature. The aim of this paper is to report intense respiratory distress caused by the presence of the parasite in the thoracic cavity of a dog. Radiographic images revealed multiple circular structures with a cavity with a radiopaque, thick contour in the thorax, which raised the suspicion of pulmonary bullae. Ultrasound examination revealed nematode infestation in the right kidney, scrotum, and thoracic cavity. Subsequently, right nephrectomy, orchiectomy and trans-sternal thoracotomy were performed to remove the parasites. The patient exhibited recovery after the procedures.

Palavras-chave : Dioctophyme renale; dyspnea; thorax; pulmonary bullae.

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