Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto)
Print version ISSN 0103-863X
MOREIRA-AGUIAR, Viviane et al. Long term memory modulated by short term memory. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto) [online]. 2008, vol.18, n.40, pp. 331-339. ISSN 0103-863X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-863X2008000200010.
When a stimulus randomly occurs at left or right, the response is faster when stimulus and response are on the same side (compatible condition) than on opposite sides (incompatible condition). In the Simon task, color or shape determines the correct response but it is faster when there is correspondence between stimulus and response key positions. In this research, we studied the Simon effect modulation through a previous spatial compatibility task in which just one index finger presses the keys. Twenty-eight volunteers run compatibility tasks (14 compatible and 14 incompatible). Then, they performed a Simon task in which the correct response was selected by shape. A Simon effect of 24 ms was found in the compatible group. An inverse Simon effect of -16 ms occurred in the incompatible group. These results show long-term memory modulation by task involving short-term memory.
Keywords : Motor control; Motor processes; Reaction time; Spatial perception; Lateral dominance.