Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto)
On-line version ISSN 1982-4327
GUERRA, Camila Peixoto Pessôa and SEIDL, Eliane Maria Fleury. Children and adolescents with HIV/Aids: a review on disclosure of diagnosis, adherence and stigma. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto) [online]. 2009, vol.19, n.42, pp. 59-65. ISSN 1982-4327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-863X2009000100008.
This study aims to present and discuss the themes disclosure of diagnosis, adherence and stigma related to children and adolescents infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). A bibliographical review of literature included Brazilian and international articles published since 2000 available in electronic databases. Twenty-one articles, two dissertations and five institutional publications were selected. We concluded that caregivers tend to postpone the disclosure of diagnosis. Fear of stigma may hinder open communication about the disease and treatment, with negative repercussions on adherence of children and adolescents with HIV. In the face of challenges identified in the study, some recommendations and research are suggested so to guide the practice of health professionals who deliver care to this clientele.
Keywords : Acquired immune deficiency syndrome; children; adolescents; stigma.