Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto)
Print version ISSN 0103-863X
GATO, Jorge; FONTAINE, Anne Marie and CARNEIRO, Nuno Santos. Multidimensional scale of attitudes toward lesbians and gay men: construction and preliminary validation. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto) [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.51, pp. 11-20. ISSN 0103-863X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-863X2012000100003.
Prejudice against non-heterosexual individuals persists and currently assumes various forms. This study describes the process of developing and validating a multidimensional instrument to assess attitudes toward lesbians and gay men. Three types of negative attitudes were defined based on a literature review of the various aspects of antigay prejudice. Existing scales were selected and their items were categorized according to expected attitudes. Exploratory factor analysis revealed a scale composed of three negative attitudinal dimensions: two with a more traditional nature (Rejection of proximity and Pathologizing of homosexuality) and a more contemporary one (Modern heterosexism), as well as a positive dimension (Support). All dimensions showed good internal consistency. Additional evidence of the instrument’s construct validity was obtained through a differential study, based on the participants’ gender and their interpersonal contact with lesbians and gay men.
Keywords : Sexual Orientation; Homosexuality; Prejudice; Sexual Attitudes.