Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto)
Print version ISSN 0103-863X
DASILVEIRA, Amanda da Costa and GOMES, William Barbosa. Experiential perspective of inner speech in a problem-solving context. Paidéia (Ribeirão Preto) [online]. 2012, vol.22, n.51, pp. 43-52. ISSN 0103-863X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-863X2012000100006.
This study presents a phenomenological analysis of inner speech under two conditions: (a) the performance of a thinking-aloud task, contextualized by psychometric parameters, and (b) conscious experience of daily life. A total of 23 undergraduate students, aged between 18 and 28 years old, participated in the study. Three instruments were used: Raven Progressive Matrices, Rumination and Reflection Questionnaire, and a phenomenological interview. The following stood out: the structural triad of a voice (the Self) that talks to a third party (You) about an object (Me), according to the Peirce-Mead model of Norbert Wiley, the bi-dimensional intentionality that exists between the task and the self, and rumination disruptions during the performance of the Raven test. The phenomenological interviews revealed when, why and how inner dialogue occurs, as well as when it is inappropriate (circular thinking) or appropriate (productive and strategic thinking). This study also differentiated first and third person data in a cognitive phenomenon that was observed.
Keywords : Cognitive Processes; Language; Thinking; Phenomenology; Conscience.