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ALCARDE, J.C. et al. Higroscopicity evaluation of fertilizers and agricultural liming materials. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 1992, vol.49, n.spe, pp.137-144. ISSN 0103-9016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90161992000400018.
The percentual of water absorbed by fertilizer materials, bulk blend fertilizer mixtures and agricultural liming materials was determined as a function of the environment relative humidity and time of exposition. Samples of these were exposed to three relative humidity environments: 70,4%, 80,5% and 77,8%, during 3, 6, 12, 24, 48, 72 hours, after drying at 50°C for 24 hours. The water absorbed by all products increased with air relative humidity and exposition time. All the materials absorbed some humidity for the lowest exposition time and lowest relative humidity (3 hours and 70,4%) but was insignificant in the case of ammonium sulphate, diammonium phosphate, natural phosphate parcially acidulated, potassium chloride, potassium sulphate, limestone and hidrated lime. The urea and calcium nitrate presented major higroscopicity among the materials studied. The presence of 5% hidrated lime or vermiculite in bulk blend mixtures decreases significatively the higroscopicity.
Keywords : agricultural fertilizers; higroscopicity; liming materials.