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Scientia Agricola

Print version ISSN 0103-9016

Abstract

CAMARGO, C.E.O. et al. Evaluation of wheat genotypes originated from interespecific crossings and gamma radiation. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 1995, vol.52, n.1, pp. 25-37. ISSN 0103-9016.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90161995000100006.

Twenty three inbred HEXAPLOID wheat lines were evaluated. They were originated by selections made in populations submited to gamma radiation (27.5 krad), in the F4 generation, from the interespecific hybrid between BH-1146 (Triticum aestivum L.) and Anhinga "S" x Winged "S" (Triticum durum L.) and the cultivars BH-1146 and Yavaros "S" (T. durum L.). Nine trials were carried out with irrigation and in upland conditions. Several agronomic characteristics were assessed. Under laboratory conditions the genotypes were evaluated with respect to Al toxicity using nutrient solutions. Semidwarf lines 11 and 19, with moderate lodging resistance, medium cycle from emergence to flowering, tolerance to aluminum toxicity, were the most productive. Seven lines showed resistance to the causal agent of mildew, but all genotypes were susceptible to the causal agents of leaf spots. Some of the genotypes could be used in cross breeding as genetic sources for short plant, long head, large number of spikelets per head, large number of grains per head and per spikelet and for heavy grains. BH-1146 and seven from the 23 lines were considered the most tolerant to aluminum toxicity, presenting good regrowth after treatment in nutrient solutions with 10 nig/liter of Al+3.

Keywords : wheat; durum wheat; interspecific hybrid; genotypes; gamma-radiation; agronomic characteristics.

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