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DIAS, D.C.F.S.; MARCOS F, J. and CARMELO, Q.A.C.. Potassium leaching test for the evaluation of soybean seed vigour. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 1995, vol.52, n.3, pp.444-451. ISSN 0103-9016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90161995000300007.
This work was performed to investigate the possibilities of providing rapid indications on the physiological quality of seeds through the potassium leaching test. Four lots of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) seeds, cultivars IAC-8 and IAC-15 were submitted to germination, first count, accelerated aging, electrical conductivity and seed moisture tests. In addition, studies on potassium leaching were conducted with samples of selected non damaged seeds and with pure seeds. The amount of leached potassium was evaluated in a flame photometer after a 60, 90, 120 and 150 minute imbibition at 30°C. The evaluations after 60, 90 and 120 minutes were suitable for the identification of lots with different levels of vigour, thus proving to be a simple and rapid method for seed vigour evaluation.
Keywords : soybean; seeds; vigour; potassium leaching; Glycine max.