Print version ISSN 0103-9016
SMIDERLE, Oscar José and CICERO, Silvio Moure. Insecticide treatment and seed quality of corn during storage. Sci. agric. [online]. 1999, vol.56, n.4, suppl., pp. 1245-1254. ISSN 0103-9016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90161999000500028.
To study the effects of insecticides (deltamethrin, chlorpyrifos, phosphin, and diatomaceous earth) on the insect control of stored corn seeds during 12 months, this research was performed to find an alternative product, using a randomized design. Seeds of the hybrid AG 303 were treated with either isolated or combined deltamethrin and chlorpyrifos, phosphin and diatomaceous earth, and they were further arranged into multifoliated paper bags and stored for twelve months (May/1997 through April/1998) under normal environmental conditions. Seeds were submitted to an infested seed exam, mass of 100 seeds, germination test, cold test, accelerated aging, electric conductivity test, emergence of seedlings in field and rate of seedling emergence, seven times in bimonthly intervals. Interpretation of the results showed that: deltamethrin and chlorpyrifos insecticides (alone or combined), phosphin and diatomaceous earth promoted the control in a similar manner, of pest-insects occuring during storage without causing toxicity to corn seeds. The physiological quality of corn seeds was effectively preserved by the addition of chemical insecticides and diatomaceous earth.
Keywords : insecticide; storage; germination; diatomaceous earth.