On-line version ISSN 1678-992X
GIAVENO, Carlos Daniel and MIRANDA FILHO, José Branco de. Selection methods for maize seedlings in greenhouse as related to aluminum tolerance. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2002, vol.59, n.4, pp. 807-810. ISSN 1678-992X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162002000400028.
Genetic improvement is a useful approach to increase aluminum tolerance in maize. This experiment was carried out to compare two screening techniques under greenhouse conditions and estimate the association between the results obtained for both bioassays with grain yield. Nutrient solution (NS) and pots with acid soil (AS) were utilized as screening methodologies to perform one cycle of divergent selection for aluminum tolerance in the tropical maize population SIKALQ. The four sub-populations obtained by both approaches were compared with the original and checks in a greenhouse and in multilocation field trials. Evaluation under the conditions of NS and AS showed that the populations with the best performances were those selected for aluminum tolerance under the same condition of evaluation. The variables measured in greenhouse showed good correlation and the most closely related were fresh root weight (FRW) and dry rot weight (DRW) (0.79). All of these variables showed low correlation with yield in non acid conditions (< 0.30). The correlation was more important (» 0.50) as soil aluminum saturation increased. The best correlation was observed for visual scoring (VS) (0.68), FRW (0.47) and net root growth (NRG) (0.52).
Keywords : Zea mays; acid soils; stress; divergent selection.