Print version ISSN 0103-9016
FERREIRA, Lessandra Heck Paes Leme et al. Ecological aspects of Bacillus thuringiensis in an Oxisol. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2003, vol.60, n.1, pp. 19-22. ISSN 0103-9016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162003000100004.
Bacillus thuringiensis is a Gram positive, sporangial bacterium, known for its insecticidal habilities. Survival and conjugation ability of B. thuringiensis strains were investigated; vegetative cells were evaluated in non-sterile soil. Vegetative cells decreased rapidly in number, and after 48 hours the population was predominantly spores. No plasmid transfer was observed in non-sterile soil, probably because the cells died and the remaining cells sporulated quickly. Soil is not a favorable environment for B. thuringiensis multiplication and conjugation. The fate of purified B. thuringiensis toxin was analyzed by extractable toxin quantification using ELISA. The extractable toxin probably declined due to binding on surface-active particles in the soil.
Keywords : population dynamics; insecticidal crystal protein; conjugation.