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Scientia Agricola

Print version ISSN 0103-9016

Abstract

SANTOS, Anacleto Ranulfo dos et al. Boron nutrition and yield of alfalfa cultivar crioula in relation to boron supply. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2004, vol.61, n.5, pp. 496-500. ISSN 0103-9016.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162004000500006.

Alfalfa cultivar Crioula (Medicago sativa cv. Crioula) is grown in South Brazil and only a few studies on the plants' boron requirement are available. A greenhouse experiment was carried out with alfalfa to measure boron acquisition, production and distribution in the plant; data on critical level and production potentials were recorded. Plants were grown in ground quartz added with 1 L of solution, with the following boron rates: 0, 0.0625, 0.125, 0.25, 0.50, 1.00, and 2.00 mg L-1. Plants were harvested at 46 days of growth. Forage dry mass was increased by boron supply and dry matter accumulation was considerably low in control. Boron concentration in the leaves was higher than in the stems or roots. Boron utilization from the external solution reached 90% at 0.0625 mg L-1 and sharply decreased with further increasing boron rates. Boron concentration and content in the leaves and in plant tops were at maximum when applied boron was between 1.5 and 1.6 mg L-1. Critical levels of boron in plant were 61 mg kg-1 in the leaves and 39 mg kg-1 in plant tops for this cultivar of alfalfa.

Keywords : Lucerne; Medicago sativa; plant nutrition; micronutrient; critical level.

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