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Scientia Agricola

On-line version ISSN 1678-992X

Abstract

CAMPOS, Carlos Alberto Brasiliano et al. Yield and fruit quality of industrial tomato under saline irrigation. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2006, vol.63, n.2, pp.146-152. ISSN 1678-992X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162006000200006.

Industrial tomato is the most important vegetable crop of the Brazilian agribusiness. Few researches have evaluated the tolerance of this crop to saline stress. In this study, the effects of five levels of salinity of the irrigation water (1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 dS m-1) and two equivalent proportions of Na:Ca:Mg (1:1:0.5 and 7:1:0.5) were tested on yield and quality of fruits of industrial tomato, cultivar IPA 6. Seedlings were transplanted in rhizotrons and grown under plastic covering until fruit ripening. Volume of water for daily irrigations was determined by the difference between the applied and drained volume in the previous irrigation. Unitary increase of water salinity above 1 dS m-1 reduced the commercial and total yield by 11.9 and 11.0%, respectively, and increased the concentration of soluble solids and the titratable acidity of the fruits by 13.9 and 9.4%, respectively. The increase of the proportion of sodium reduced the total and marketable yield, the number of marketable fruits and pulp yield. Water of moderate salinity, with low concentration of sodium, can be used in the irrigation of the industrial tomato, without significant yield losses.

Keywords : Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.; salinity; pulp yield; water quality; sodium.

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