versão On-line ISSN 1678-992X
GONCALVES, Paulo de Souza; SILVA, Marcelo de Almeida; GOUVEA, Ligia Regina Lima e SCALOPPI JUNIOR, Erivaldo José. Genetic variability for girth growth and rubber yield in Hevea brasiliensis. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2006, vol.63, n.3, pp. 246-254. ISSN 1678-992X. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162006000300006.
Basic knowledge of genetic characteristics of populations is necessary to conduct effective breeding and selection. The objective of this paper is describing the genetic variation of rubber yield and the correlation with other traits, and estimating the genetic parameters for girth growth and total number of latex vessels. Sixty seven clones of Hevea brasiliensis (Willd. ex Adr. de Juss.) Muell.-Arg. were tested at five sites during 10 years. Characters girth growth at panel opening and rubber yield, showed broad sense heritability on plot mean level, from 0.32 to 0.66 and 0.59 to 0.92, respectively. Predicted genetic gains equal to 0.73 cm and 0.79 g increase respectively on girth and yield in the opening panel and mature phases seems realistic, even with moderate selection intensities. Genetic correlations with rubber yield, bark thickness and total number of latex vessels were very large, and almost no genotype-environment interaction was present for girth growth. High genotype-environment interaction was present for rubber yield with genetic and phenotypic correlations across the sites, ranging from 0.64 to 0.92 (genetic) and 0.63 to 0.89 (phenotypic). Total number of latex vessels rings had a high heritability, ranging from 20.0% to 64.0% in the sites E and B, respectively.
Palavras-chave : rubber tree; heritability; genetic correlations; genotype-environment interaction.