Print version ISSN 0103-9016
CARNEIRO, José Geraldo de Araújo; BARROSO, Deborah Guerra and SOARES, Luis Maurício da Silva. Growth of bare root Pinus taeda, L. seedlings cultivated under five densities in nursery. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2007, vol.64, n.1, pp. 23-29. ISSN 0103-9016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162007000100004.
Seedlings compete for nutrients, water and light. The available area for each seedling affects their behavior related to requirements for these resources. This experiment evaluated the influence of five plant densities on the growth of bare root Pinus taeda, L. seedlings in a nursery after outplanting. The analyzed characteristics were: height (H), root collar diameter (D), H/D ratio, and dry matter weight. Higher densities stimulated H growth and the lowest densities increased D average and dry matter weight and lowered the H/D ratio. Seedlings were distributed by H, D and H/D classes. Higher densities had a larger number of seedlings in larger H classes. Larger numbers of seedlings with larger D and lower H/D ratios were found in lower densities. Ten months after outplanting the seedlings grown in lower densities had higher survival percentages and growth. Some saplings of standardized heights were uprooted with the objective of studying their root systems. The lowest densities stimulated higher numbers of first and second order roots as well as fresh and dry matter weights of thin roots with mycorrhizae presence. In both parts of the experiment, the density of 278 seedlings m-2 yielded equivalent averages as compared to the lowest densities.
Keywords : spacing; erosion; seedling quality; morphological characteristics; root growth.