Print version ISSN 0103-9016
PEREIRA, Roseane Sousa; NASCIMENTO, Warley Marcos and VIEIRA, Jairo Vidal. Carrot seed germination and vigor in response to temperature and umbel orders. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2008, vol.65, n.2, pp. 145-150. ISSN 0103-9016. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162008000200006.
Several factors may influence carrot (Daucus carota L.) crop establishment. High temperatures (35 - 40°C), for instance, may delay or inhibit carrot seed germination in the field and so compromise the stand establishment. Carrot seeds from superior umbel orders usually have better physiological quality than those of lower umbel orders. These seeds from superior umbel orders may also show a better performance in adverse conditions. In addition, seeds from different ages show differences in vigor, which affect the stand establishment, mainly under adverse conditions. The aim of this study was to verify the germination at high temperatures and the carrot seed vigor of different umbel orders of 'Brasília', as well as the different 'Alvorada' seed lots. Preliminarily, 'Brasilia' seeds were incubated at temperatures ranging from 20 to 36°C. Also, seeds from the primary, secondary and tertiary umbel orders harvested separately from a basic seed production field and seeds from lots harvested in 1998, 1999 and 2000 were analyzed to the following tests: germination at 20°C (optimum) and 35°C (adverse), accelerated aging, cold test, seedling emergence in greenhouse and mass of 100 seeds. High temperatures reduced carrot seed germination. Seeds germinated better at 20°C than 35 or 36ºC. Seeds from primary and secondary orders, as well as less aged seed lots, had higher vigor and germination at high temperature.
Keywords : Daucus carota L.; thermo-inhibition; physiological quality.