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Scientia Agricola

versão On-line ISSN 1678-992X

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LEAO, Patrícia Coelho de Souza; CRUZ, Cosme Damião  e  MOTOIKE, Sérgio Yoshimitsu. Genetic diversity of table grape based on morphoagronomic traits. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2011, vol.68, n.1, pp.42-49. ISSN 1678-992X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162011000100007.

The conservation and characterization of grape (Vitis spp) genetic resources in germplasm banks have been the basis of its use in breeding programs that result in development of new cultivars. There are at least 10,000 grape cultivars kept in germplasm collection. The genetic diversity in 136 table grape accessions from the state of Bahia, Brazil, was evaluated. Continuous and discrete morphoagronomic traits were assessed. The clustering analysis by the Tocher otimization method resulted in 30 clusters (considering continuous morphoagronomic traits), and 9 clusters (taking into consideration multicategorical traits). There was no agreement between clusters obtained by both, continuous or discrete phenotypic descriptors, independent of the cluster method analysis used. A satisfactory genetic variability among the table grape accessions was observed.

Palavras-chave : Vitis spp; genetic resources; grape; multivariate analysis.

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