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Scientia Agricola

On-line version ISSN 1678-992X

Abstract

CHA-UM, Suriyan; YOOYONGWECH, Suravoot  and  SUPAIBULWATANA, Kanyaratt. Water-deficit tolerant classification in mutant lines of indica rice. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2012, vol.69, n.2, pp.135-141. ISSN 1678-992X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162012000200008.

Water shortage is a major abiotic stress for crop production worldwide, limiting the productivity of crop species, especially in dry-land agricultural areas. This investigation aimed to classify the water-deficit tolerance in mutant rice (Oryza sativa L. spp. indica) genotypes during the reproductive stage. Proline content in the flag leaf of mutant lines increased when plants were subjected to water deficit. Relative water content (RWC) in the flag leaf of different mutant lines dropped in relation to water deficit stress. A decrease RWC was positively related to chlorophyll a degradation. Chlorophyll a , chlorophyll b , total chlorophyll , total carotenoids , maximum quantum yield of PSII , stomatal conductance , transpiration rate and water use efficiency in mutant lines grown under water deficit conditions declined in comparison to the well-watered, leading to a reduction in net-photosynthetic rate. In addition, when exposed to water deficit, panicle traits, including panicle length and fertile grains were dropped. The biochemical and physiological data were subjected to classify the water deficit tolerance. NSG19 (positive control) and DD14 were identified as water deficit tolerant, and AA11, AA12, AA16, BB13, BB16, CC12, CC15, EE12, FF15, FF17, G11 and IR20 (negative control) as water deficit sensitive, using Ward's method.

Keywords : ward cluster analysis; drought tolerance; fertile grain; photosynthetic pigments; water relation.

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