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Scientia Agricola

On-line version ISSN 1678-992X

Abstract

BECHARA, Fernando Campanhã et al. Reproductive biology and early establishment of Pinus elliottii var. elliottii in Brazilian sandy coastal plain vegetation: implications for biological invasion. Sci. agric. (Piracicaba, Braz.) [online]. 2013, vol.70, n.2, pp.88-92. ISSN 1678-992X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S0103-90162013000200005.

Pinus is the most invasive woody taxon, exceeded only by herbaceous plants. This study reports the reproductive biology and early establishment of Pinus elliottii Engelm. var. elliottii, describing its invasive properties in a protected natural area of the Brazilian coastal sandy plains. We evaluated the seed germination and rain, longevity of seed viability and the initial dynamics of the seedlings of Pinus elliottii var elliottii through field and laboratory experiments. We recorded a continuous seed rain of about 204.0 viable seeds m - 2 per year, with a 90 % germination rate. The seeds exhibited a low longevity of viability in the soil and a dense, permanent seedling bank that may explain the high levels of pine invasion. The environmental impact caused by the pine's biological invasion suggests the recommendation for its immediate eradication, together with a restoration plan to restitute the native biodiversity gradually.

Keywords : slash pine; germination; seed bank; seed rain; seedling dynamics.

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