Brazilian Journal of Physics
On-line version ISSN 1678-4448
OLIVEIRA, K. A. de et al. Using beryllium and polypropylene-aluminium absorbers to measure the TBR-1 tokamak electron temperature. Braz. J. Phys. [online]. 1998, vol.28, n.3, pp. 230-240. ISSN 1678-4448. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-97331998000300008.
Beryllium foils of different thickness have been employed for measuring the electron temperature in tokamaks using the absorbing method based on ratio of the bremsstrahlung intensities, emited by the plasma. However, in the case of small tokamaks with low electron temperatures, such as TBR-1, the foils must be very thin, becoming very fragile, hard to handle and with insufficient absorbing power of line radiation from impurities. Also they are very expensive. In this work, we have investigated whether other absorber materials, obtained by depositing Aluminium on polypropylene films, for example, could give similar results. These new kind of filters have good mechanical properties and are light tight, as opposed to the thin beryllium foils which have shown, very often, the presence of pinholes. Also, the attenuation of the line emission from impurities, with the use of such filters, is more effective. Silver foils have also been manufactured and used, but with unsatisfactory results due to the TBR-1 low plasma temperature. However, silver foils should be considered a good candidate for measuring Te through the absorbing method in large tokamaks with higher plasma temperatures.