Brazilian Journal of Physics
Print version ISSN 0103-9733
AMENDOLA, Luca; QUERCELLINI, Claudia; TOCCHINI-VALENTINI, Domenico and PASQUI, Alessandro. The nature of dark energy. Braz. J. Phys. [online]. 2002, vol.32, n.4, pp. 823-831. ISSN 0103-9733. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0103-97332002000500002.
According to a variety of cosmological observations at small and large redshifts, the universe is composed by a large fraction of a weakly clustered component with negative pressure, called dark energy. The nature of the dark energy, i.e. its interaction and self-interaction properties, is still largely unknown. In this contribution we review the properties of dark energy as inferred from observations, with particular emphasis on the cosmic microwave background. We argue that the current dataset imposes strong constraints on the coupling of dark energy to dark matter, while it is still insufficient to constrain the equation of state or potential. Future data will dramatically improve the prospects.